I’d like to introduce you to Tarun from Iconscout who is our guest-writer for today’s end-user blog post. Tarun will guide us through how to resize images on the fly with OpenFaaS.

Author bio: Tarun Mangukiya is co-founder and Product Manager at Iconscout. He’s working on Frontend, Docker, and Serverless. Iconscout is working to migrate their codebase to serverless over the time. Currently, their all the processing jobs are powered by OpenFaaS.

Since 2016, we at Iconscout have been building a platform to solve different types of image resizing and processing problems for our customers. We’re on a mission to bring design assets on hand through the next-generation Design Resource Marketplace and Design Asset Management tools.

Read more: About Iconscout

Our v1 codebase was developed using PHP and ImageMagick, which served us well at the time. We used VMs to resize images as a batch process and then store them, but in May last year we started to hit the limits of our original approach and found out about OpenFaaS.

See also: How OpenFaaS Came to Rescue Us

Shortly after that we launched the 2.0 version of our platform where we identified a use case where we needed to give users a feature to download and resize images on-the-fly (by clicking). We also wanted to show thumbnails in different sizes dynamically. In this article, I’ll show you how we’ve implemented resizing the images on the fly with Node.js and deploy it with OpenFaaS.

So let’s get started.

Pre-requisites for the tutorial

You’ll need:

If you haven’t got OpenFaaS yet, then start here - it only takes a few minutes https://docs.openfaas.com/deployment/

Create a new Node.js function

So, let’s create our function to resize images, we’ll call it image-resize. Instead of the classic Node template, I’ll be using the node10-express template because it offers full control over HTTP headers and higher throughput. That means that we can set the Content-Type when resizing different types of images for our users.

  1. Create a new Function

Create a new folder for our work

$ mkdir -p ~/dev/resizer \
&& cd ~/dev/resizer

Now, pull the node10-express template from the OpenFaaS Template Store.

$ faas-cli template store pull node10-express

Create new function from the template

$ faas-cli new image-resize --lang=node10-express --prefix=USERNAME

Note: Replace USERNAME, with your name on the Docker Hub, or your private registry address.

This will create a new folder named image-resize having handler.js and package.json in it.

image-resize/handler.js
image-resize/package.json
image-resize.yml

The newly generated function is a hello-world style example which we can edit in a moment.

Let’s deploy it and try it out.

$ faas-cli up -f image-resize.yml

We’ll check the deployed function. Then we will continue to write our image resizing functionality.

Testing the function

The default sample function serving traffic in the OpenFaaS Portal.

  1. Write the resizing logic using sharp

We are going to use the sharp package to resize the images. This is where we would have normally used ImageMagick or GraphicsMagick. This is what the sharp website says about the library:

The typical use case for this high speed Node.js module is to convert large images in common formats to smaller, web-friendly JPEG, PNG and WebP images of varying dimensions. Resizing an image is typically 4x-5x faster than using the quickest ImageMagick and GraphicsMagick settings.

So at Iconscout, having a 4x-5x speed increase was a great move forward for us where we process 10s of thousands of images per day and that’s growing every week.

Now let’s install the sharp package using npm.

$ cd Iconscout~/dev/resizer/image-resize
npm install --save sharp

We’ll also need the request package to fetch the specified image from its URL.

$ cd Iconscout~/dev/resizer/image-resize
$ npm install --save request

Note: When testing this blog post we found that removing the package-lock.json which was generated above allowed the code to run as desired in our function. This is an optional step, but recommended.

$ cd Iconscout~/dev/resizer/image-resize
$ rm package-lock.json

Compared to other options I’ve used in the past, resizing images with sharp is really simple. Here is a link to the documentation: http://sharp.dimens.io/en/stable/api-resize/

For example, to resize input.png to 200px x 200px, you only need the following code:

sharp('input.png')
  .png()
  .resize(200, 200, {
    fit: 'contain'
  })
  .toFile('output.png')

Let’s wrap this resizing code to our function.

You can find the full code in this GitHub repo.

The way our function will work, is that the user will supply all the parameters on a query-string, and that means we can even embed resized images pointing directly at the function.

An example URL might be: http://127.0.0.1:8080/function/image-resize?height=300&width=300&url=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Hopetoun_falls.jpg

So we will be fetching the image from the URL and then resizing it to the provided dimensions.

These are all the parameters I’ve added:

  • url: Public URL of image
  • width: Number
  • height: Number
  • download: Download image rather than showing in browser
  • fit: Fit the image in the given width & height

See all the other options available in the sharp api-resize documentation.

Update your function with the code from my repo, then deploy the function with the faas-cli.

$ cd ~/dev/resizer/
$ faas-cli up -f image-resize.yml

Test it out

Now we’re ready to do an end-to-end test.

I’ve found a picture of a waterfall on Wikipedia and I want to resize it to 300px x 300px.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Hopetoun_falls.jpg

You could also find your own favourite images to try out.

The resized waterfall image

Try it out live with your own OpenFaaS where $OPENFAAS_URL is the IP address and port of your gateway. On Swarm this is usually http://127.0.0.1:8080

$OPENFAAS_URL/function/image-resize?height=300&width=300&url=https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/36/Hopetoun_falls.jpg

And of course, here’s my repo, so go give it a star and share it with more people on GitHub. If you have any suggestions or feedback, then feel free to create an issue or PR.

I’ll now turn it over to Alex.

Tarun, from Iconscout

Wrapping up

This is the first in our series of end-user blog posts. I want to thank Iconscout for using OpenFaaS and telling us more about the problems they are solving with functions.

If you are an OpenFaaS end-user, then please feel free to submit a request to have your logo listed on our homepage

Learn more:

Alex Ellis

alexellisuk

Founder of @openfaas.